Thirty Four Extra Virtues (Uttar Gun)


There are a total of Thirty Four Extra Virtues of Digambar Muni, further classified into Six Outward (Bahirang Tap), Six Internal (antarang Tap) and Twenty Two (parishay jai).

 

SIX BAHIRANG TAP


  1. ANSHAN

    To purify the soul, to weaken the pride and evil thoughts and to control the senses voluntarily stop taking completely all type of food and liquid for a certain period.

  2. AVMODRYA

    To win laziness, do meditation and study, eat food less than their hunger.

  3. VRATI PARISANKHYAN

    To think about some condition silently and without telling anybody that it it will happen today then I will accept food otherwise not for example-special type of house or. some definite number of human beings or food or any type of event or thing.

  4. RAS TYAG

    To have control on liking or thoughts of eating particular food of a particular taste and to limit sensory pride taking a vow not to eat one or two or more type of food belonging to following classes-sweet, salt, oils, Ghee milk and curd. These types are known as six ras.

  5. AIKANT SHAYYASAN

    For undisturbed studies, meditation thinking and analysis etc. to live in lonely places where there is no man woman or eunuch.

  6. KAYA KLAISH

    To realize self to sit in padamasan (lotus posture) or not to speak for a particular interval of time (Silence) or live near rivers or in mountains and thus bear the bodily discomforts keeping one self normal.




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SIX ANTARANG TAP

 
  1. PRAYASHCHIT

    To repent on wrong thoughts and doings.

  2. VINAY

    To behave respectfully towards virtues and virtuous.

  3. VAYA VRAT

    To serve saints without any desire.

  4. SWADHYAI

    To purify the soul. to remove the darkness of ignorance to check the tendency of iII will to self and others and to create the tendency of doing good to others study of true religious literature.

  5. VUTSARG

    To finish attachment with body and other worldly things.

  6. DHYAN

    To stabilize the thoughts in the study of inner self and analysis of six substances that is-Jiva, Pudgal [matter] Dharam [medium of motion of soul and matter] Adharam [medium of rest for soul and matter], Kai [time] and Akash [space]. After getting rid of of all ill instincts.




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TWENTY TWO PARISHA JAI (Victories of pinches)

 
  1. SHUDHA JAI

    Hunger etc. are the twenty-two kinds of afflictions. These have to be endured by the ascetic striving after emancipation. The saint, who fails to obtain pure food or the required quantity of food, and whose torment of hunger is not dispelled, does not seek for food in improper places and at improper times. He does not tolerate neglect of his daily duties even to a small extent, and he is enthusiastic in study and meditation. He has himself practised and enabled others to practice fasting and eating less than his fill on several occasions. He takes only tasteless food. The water he drinks is parched as the drops of water poured in a red-hot vessel. Even when the ascetic is extremely hungry, he feels that it is better not to obtain food rather than obtain food. Such an ascetic who ignores the torment of hunger conquers hunger. (1) 

  2. PIPASA JAI

    The ascetic has given up bathing, immersing himself in water and sprinkling his body with water. Like the birds he has no fixed abode. He may at times be tormented by parching thirst, owing to various reasons such as unsuitable food (too saltish, oily or astringent food), the heat of summer, bilious fever, fasting and so on. Even then he does not seek remedy, but extinguishes this flame of the fire of thirst by the cool and fragrant water of his meditation kept in the fresh, earthenware pot of fortitude. Such patient endurance of thirst is to be extolled. (2) 

  3. SHEET JAI

    To bear cold with equanimity.

  4. USHAN JAI

    To tolerate heat with equanimity.

  5. DANSH MASAK JAi

    To keep normal if mosquito etc. bite.

  6. NAGAN PARISH JAI

    Not to have only pinch of evil thoughts or shame by being completely naked.

  7. ARATI JAI

    Even in the face of dissatisfaction not to have dissatisfaction or aversion from the religion.

  8. STRI PARISHY JAI

    Not to allow turbulence of' thoughts even by seeing young beautiful ladies.

  9. CHARYA PARISHY JAI

    To be remor seless while walking on uneven. thorny Stanley ground.

  10. NISHIDHA PARISHY JAI

    To bear the pain calmly which is caused by sitting or standing for long intervals during meditation or tapasya.

  11. SHAYYA PARISHY JAI

    To bear pain calmly caused by sleeping on hard ground.

  12. AAKROSH PARISHY JAI

    To tolerate calmly unparliamantry, fifthly and perching words use by others.

  13. BADH PARISHY JAI

    To remain calm and quit at the time of murderer attack with sword or other arms etc. by others.

  14. YACHNA PARISHY JAI

    Not to beg food or medicine even at the death bed.

  15. ALABH PARISHY JAI

    In condition of not getting food for long intervals to consider this loss better than gain.

  16. ROG PARISHY JAI

    To remain normal and firm while suffering with dreaded and painful disease.

  17. TREN SPARSH JAI

    Remain call and normal in his thoughts if he gets pricked with thorn etc.

  18. MAL PARISHY JAI

    To bear the inconvenience quietly if their body gets dusty etc.

  19. SATKAR PURSKAR PARISHY JAI-

    Not to feel inferiority complex and let his thoughts be disturbed if others do not praise him though he is very learned austere and meditative.

  20. PARGGYA PARISHY JAI

    Not to be proud of his intellect.

  21. AGAYAN PARISHY JAI

    Not to be remorseful if he does not acquire much knowledge inspite of his best efforts.

  22. ADARSHAN PARISHY JAI

    Even after tough and prolonged Tapasya (austerity) if he does not attain special knowledge and super natural powers then also he does not loose his faith in the path of Nirvana.




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